Russian Federation rejected the allegations on Thursday, calling it a "diabolical cocktail" of someone with a "rich imagination".
2014 plane crash investigation: British authorities allege that a GRU operation conducted "malign activity" when it tried to collect information about the investigation into the 2014 downing of the Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 over eastern Ukraine by targeting Malaysian government institutions, including the Attorney General's office and police.
It also revealed that the agents had also made searches for the OPCW-affiliated Spiez laboratory in Switzerland - which the Swiss last month said had been targeted by Russian Federation.
In a coordinated response the Dutch Military Intelligence and Security Service (MIVD) and Britain's Ministry of Justice named the four men as Aleksei Morenets, Evgenii Serebriakov, Oleg Sotnikov and Aleksey Minin.
It claimed the Kremlin was responsible for the theft of emails from a UK-based TV station in 2015, the hack of the Democratic National Committee (DNC) in 2016 and the BadRabbit and World Anti-Doping Agency attacks of 2017.
USA officials said the Russian efforts also targeted athletes and anti-doping agencies as retaliation of Russia's state-sponsored athlete doping program, which saw Russia banned from the 2018 winter Olympics.
The court had been looking at doping cases involving Russian athletes.
A laptop that was confiscated from the officers held a trove of information about their past activities, including a record of connecting to a WiFi network at a hotel in Lausanne, Switzerland, in September of 2016, as the World Anti-Doping Agency was holding a conference at the hotel.
Here is a summary of the GRU's activities, according to western intelligence agencies. This Academy is more widely known as the GRU Conservatory.
According to a secret White House assessment recently cited by "Wired", the attack caused $10bn worth of damage worldwide.
Four states announce additional cut in fuel prices after Centre’s move
We welcome this decision and thank Prime Minister Narendra Modi on behalf of the people and BJP workers. Jaitley, however, downplayed fiscal implications around the fuel price cut.
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On the other, you have an undefeated fighter who has never lost a single round in his professional career in Khabib Nurmagomedov . Fans is here, media is here, everybody is here", Nurmagomedov said. "If somebody is late, it's not my problem".
Russian hackers accused of targeting United Nations chemical weapons watchdog, MH17 files
The cascade of condemnation - from the Australian, British and Dutch governments - does more than just point the finger at Moscow. Four Russians, a auto full of electronic equipment, and a foiled plot to hack the world's foremost chemical weapons watchdog.
Prosecutors say the Russians also targeted a Pennsylvania-based nuclear energy company and an global organisation that was investigating chemical weapons in Syria and the poisoning of a former GRU officer. If that wasn't successful, the hackers would conduct "on-site" or "close access" hacking operations with trained GRU members traveling with sophisticated equipment to target their victims through Wi-Fi networks.
The Dutch authorities released CCTV imagery of the four men arriving at Schipol Airport as well photographs of their passports.
The four agents, who were caught when their attempt to intercept the logins of OPCW staff triggered an alarm, were unceremoniously deported back to Moscow, where they are unlikely ever again to be trusted with a sensitive mission now that their cover has been well and truly blown.
They claimed that on 13 April Dutch intelligence teams foiled an attempt by four Russian intelligence officers to hack into the OPCW in The Hague, from a rented auto parked in a hotel vehicle park nearby.
Mr Skripal, his daughter Yulia and a policeman fell seriously ill and a British woman later died from poison found in a discarded perfume bottle.
Britain's National Cyber Security Center on Wednesday announced that they had "high confidence" about Russia's involvement in at least four new attacks.
Moscow on Thursday rejected the accusations, saying they were unworthy and part of a disinformation campaign created to damage Russian interests.
The Russian foreign ministry dismissed the allegations as "big fantasies" and part of the West's "spy mania".
"I do not think that Moscow has a nice day, because it is impossible for them to deny what has come out", the Dutch PM told broadcaster NOS.