The rate at which people are developing diabetes has experts anxious that we will not be able to keep up with the demand for insulin. The untreated person affected by diabetes were affected by the deterioration of heart, kidney, eyes, nerves, blood vessels, stroke, and the major complication is that these high sugar level patients can not undergo surgery because the healing of a surgical wound is slow and complicated.
Their research led to the prediction that, worldwide, the number of adults with type 2 diabetes will rise from 406 million in 2018 to 511 million in 2030.
"These estimates suggest that current levels of insulin access are highly inadequate compared to projected need, particularly in Africa and Asia", Sanjay Basu, a physician and epidemiologist at Stanford University and lead author of the paper, told the Guardian.
Insulin is used to treat those with Type 1 diabetes and some people with Type 2 diabetes, which is linked to obesity and little physical activity.
India had 69.2 million people living with diabetes in 2015 says a report of the World Health Organization
Only three major companies produce the majority of the world's insulin and, at least according to a lawsuit filed past year, may have conspired to drive up the drug's cost.
The study said 79 million people with type- 2 diabetes will need insulin by 2030, while insulin required to treat the patients is expected to increase by around 20%. Not all diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, however, will need insulin; only 79 million people by 2030 would need to take insulin.
Overall, Basu and colleagues calculated that global insulin use was set to rise to 634 million 1,000-unit vials by 2030, from 526 million in 2018.
A study published in the journal Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology, says access to insulin will fall well short of demand.
The diagnosis of both types has become more common over the last 30 years, especially in low-income and middle-income countries. In May, William T. Cefalu, the chief scientific, medical and mission officer with the American Diabetes Association, testified before Senate to discussing insulin price, which have tripled between 2002 and 2013. "Except if governments start activities to make insulin accessible and affordable, at that point its utilization is continually going to be a long way from optimal".
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