Lunar Eclipse to Darken Moon over North, South America

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During a total lunar eclipse, the Earth blocks the light from the sun, giving the moon's surface a red glow, which many refer to as a Blood Moon.

The best time to catch the maximum eclipse is around 5.12am, when the moon will be completely submerged within the Earth's shadow.

This weekend, a total lunar eclipse will give skywatchers a chance to see the moon turn a boring red as it slips into Earth's shadow. NASA says, 'The full moon will also be at its closest point to Earth in its orbit, called perigee.

The entirety of the total lunar eclipse on Sunday night will be visible from all of North and South America, save for the Aleutian Islands in Alaska.

A full moon in January has Native American seasonal names such as a "Wolf's Moon" or "Old Moon".

The next total lunar eclipse won't happen until May 26, 2021, so this will be the last chance to experience this phenomenon for over two years.

The Royal Observatory Greenwich will be setting up a live Facebook feed of the event, having told those in the United Kingdom they'll be able to see 'every part of the eclipse as long as they are willing to stay up all night!'

You won't want to miss this rare phenomenon, a super blood wolf moon. When the right alignment happens, the penumbral eclipse leads to a partial eclipse, which becomes a total eclipse, showing the brightest stars and planets in just about 62 minutes. The reddish light that reflects back toward us gives the moon a blood-red tone.

The moon is seen during a lunar eclipse also known as the super blood wolf moon in La Paz Bolivia on Jan 21 2019

Fazekas said it will be fairly easy for Canadians to stay up and watch the total lunar eclipse this year.

The reddening of the moon comes from sunlight passing through Earth's atmosphere.

Astronomers call this a "super" moon because it's a little closer to Earth than usual so it looks at least a little bigger than your average moon. During totality, the blood moon will be visible, making the moon appear to be bright red.

At 10:33 p.m. ET, the moon enters the umbra, or the bulk of Earth's shadow.

The next total eclipse will be visible from Europe on May 16, 2022.

In a nutshell, this is a rare enough occurence to be worth you standing outside on a blisteringly cold January night, staring up at the sky.

According to a fun fact from Canadian astronaut Chris Hadfield, for anyone watching the cosmic event from on the moon, they'd be seeing a solar eclipse as well. But the whole event will last much longer.

"Go out tonight, start at 2:30 in the morning but by about 3 o'clock you'll start to see the moon getting nibbled by the shadow".

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