Measles cases in Europe 'highest in decade'

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We have to determine whether they're unvaccinated.

The Clark County health department has stressed the dangers of measles, which is an extremely contagious, air-borne viral disease. If you're susceptible and you haven't been vaccinated, you can be in a room two hours after somebody with measles left and still catch it.

This has led to a drop in vaccination rates, with the number of unvaccinated children totalling more than 100,000 previous year. These opt-out parents are not choosing to do so exclusively because of parental fears about autism or side effects.

As of Thursday, 55 cases have been confirmed this year, a lot of them in unvaccinated children under age 10.

Vaccination coverage needs to be around 95 per cent to prevent the virus circulating in communities - so-called "herd immunity".

Although vaccination rates are improving the highly contagious virus is spreading in many countries. The requirements on what it means to be "fully vaccinated" also seem to be constantly increasing, with children today receiving far more shots than children born in the '80s received. "We must do more and do it better to protect each and every person from diseases that can be easily avoided". So vaccinate your kids not only to protect them but to protect everybody else around them.

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SHAPIRO: Could I ask you to just speak for a moment to parents in the United States who have not vaccinated their children? Families may also have inadequate access to health care because of lack of transportation or inconvenient clinic hours.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) meets three times a year, with 15 experts each time, to study national vaccine information, review new safety information, and present policy suggestions.

A report published by the European Commission a year ago and compiled by a team led by Larson found that measles immunisation coverage has fallen in 12 EU countries since 2010, and that seven out of the 10 countries with the lowest vaccine confidence in the world are in Europe. As discussed in Fisher's article, there is a combo shot available, though, the MMRV.

Doctors say the good news that both MMR vaccines have a 97 to 99 percent protection rate against the measles.

"When you add to that natural disasters or political turmoil what we've seen is a reemergence of a number of vaccine preventable diseases, diphtheria measles, yellow fever, etc and in the Bahamas our level of vaccination has dropped". On top of the high efficacy of this shot, it has been around for a long time, and is well studied.

/ Administration of a measles, mumps, rubella vaccine. Other common concerns that studies have put to rest include that vaccines can cause autoimmune conditions (they don't), vaccines cause allergies or asthma (they don't), or that vaccines cause Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, or SIDS (again, they don't). In those who are not protected by the vaccine, measles can be risky: particularly in children under five, adults aged over 20, pregnant women, or those with compromised immune systems.