She said “My father passed away peacefully tonight”. The period saw tumultuous worldwide events, including the Iranian revolution, the taking of 52 Americans as hostages in Tehran and a failed rescue mission, and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
One of his last tweets, sent in February, dryly noted: “Do we even have a foreign policy right now?”
Born in Warsaw and educated in Canada and the US, Mr Brzezinski was an acknowledged expert in Communism when he attracted the attention of US policymakers. When the communists took over Poland at the end of World War Two, the family remained in the West. He moved to the United States and received a doctorate in government from Harvard in 1953. A registered Democrat once considered to be the answer to Republicans’ favored Henry Kissinger, Brzezinski also served on former President Ronald Reagan’s Chemical Warfare Commission and held other roles in the administration until 1989.
Former National Security Adviser Zbigniew Brzezinski arrives to testify before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on Capitol Hill in Washington, February 1, 2007.
Carter described Brzezinski as brilliant, dedicated, and loyal.
In recent years, Brzezinski took part in proceedings created to bring the former Soviet republics into the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
After the Carter presidency, Brzezinski became a professor of American foreign policy at Johns Hopkins University’s Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies and a scholar at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, a Washington-based think tank.
In a 2011 book, “Strategic Vision: America and the Crisis of Global Power”, Brzezinski argued in favor of strengthening the U.S. presence overseas to maintain global stability.
Brzezinski was at times critical of both Bill Clinton and George W. Bush.
“M$3 y role was that of supporting the president, helping him formulate the USA strategic approach and sometimes indicating to him my own view that we ought to be tougher on some issues, that we ought to be more compromising on some issues; in effect, playing the role of a personal strategic adviser”, Brzezinski told NPR in 2003.
Despite his retirement from USA politics into academia, Brzezinski remained a sharp-eyed observer of successive US administrations.
Brzezinski was back in the Democratic column in 2007 when he met then candidate Barack Obama and called him “one of our most outstanding thinkers”.
Brzezinski had three children with his wife Emilie.